"We [White Americans] strike the pose of self-sufficiency while ignoring the advantages we have
been afforded in every realm of activity: housing, education, employment, criminal justice,
politics, banking and business. We ignore the fact that at almost every turn, our hard work has
been met with access to an opportunity structure denied to millions of others. Privilege, to us,
is like water to the fish; invisible because we cannot imagine life without it."
Wise, Tim. "The Mother of all Racial Preferences." AlterNet. 20 Feb. 2003.
Read the following paraphrases. Which are plagiarism and which are acceptable paraphrase?
- According to Tim Wise in "The Mother of all Racial Preferences," whiles have privileges in
areas such as housing, education, criminal justice, and banking, yet they like to think that they
are self-made, independent achievers. It's easy not to notice the opportunity that makes their
efforts more effective than equal efforts by Americans of other races. They can't imagine that
any other life exists; white privilege is always there, like water is for fish.
- Tim Wise compares white privilege to water. A fish live in and can't imagine the absence of
water, so whites live in white privilege and can't see it's effect on their lives. Whites rarely
see the advantages they have in such basic areas as housing, education, employment, and business.
Wise says that in their ignorance of the system of privilege, whites see every opportunity and
achievement as a result of individual effort.
- We pretend to be independent and at the same time don't see the advantages we get in every
area of life: where we live, work, go to school, our law inforcement and political structures,
our banks and our businesses. We don't see how in many ways our own efforts have been augmented
by opportunities that millions of others never get. We are like fish when it comes to water: we
don't see it because it's everywhere and its absence is unimaginable. (Wise)
- Tim Wise writes that while ignoring how our hard work has been met with access to an
opportunity structure that millions don't have, white Americans strike a pose of being self-
sufficient. In housing, education, employment, criminal justice, politics and business, white
people have advantages that, like water to a fish, are invisible and essential to them.