BIOL& 160 General Biology w/Lab • 6 Cr.
Introduces major concepts of cell biology, including cell physiology and structure, molecular biology, genetics, and evolution. Course is a prerequisite for professional health-science programs. Format includes laboratory work. Strongly recommended: CHEM 100 or CHEM& 121 or BASIC 098, or one year of high-school chemistry.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Identify the major themes of biology and list characteristics of living things.
- Identify and distinguish the major characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of life
- Demonstrate the methodology of scientific inquiry by observation, experimentation, data collection and data interpretation in problem solving and the generation of new knowledge.
- Recognize that science is the study of the natural (physical) world and that science is based on common laws or principles and methods.
- Describe the properties of carbon that make it the central component of organic compounds.
- Compare the functions and chemical functional groups of the major groups of organic compounds: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
- Demonstrate the special properties of water that support life.
- Explain why the cell is the basic unit of life.
- Compare and contrast properties of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
- Describe the structure and function of eukaryotic cell organelles.
- Describe the fluid mosaic model of cell membrane structure in relationship to membrane function.
- Describe how the first and second laws of thermodynamics relate to living systems.
- Explain the chemical structure of ATP and its central role in metabolism.
- Describe the relationship between enzyme properties and types and rates of chemical reactions.
- Describe the processes of photosynthesis and the essential role of photosynthesis to all life
- Describe aerobic cellular respiration and fermentations and the processes of cell respiration in the domains and kingdoms of life.
- Describe the cell cycle and the process mitosis in cell division.
- Describe the process of meiosis and the genetic importance of meiosis in life cycles and sexual reproduction.
- Relate the contributions of Mendel to inheritance and solve inheritance problems using Mendel’s principles.
- Describe the chemical and physical features of DNA.
- Relate the contributions of Griffith, Avery, Franklin, Watson and Crick and others to our knowledge that DNA is the molecule of life and the to the structure of DNA.
- Discuss the significance of chromosomes in inheritance and the transmission of genetic information from generation to generation.
- Outline the flow of genetic information in cells, from DNA to RNA to protein and how this process may be controlled.
- Explain the scientific origins of biotechnological developments and evaluate the ecological, social, cultural, personal and ethical implications of those developments.
- Summarize evidence supporting the theory of evolution.
- Describe the contributions of Wallace and Darwin to the principles of evolution.
- Explain why evolution is the central theme of all biology.
- Explain how genetic variation and selection are the basis for evolution in a given environment.
- Use various laboratory techniques, including compound and dissecting microscopes, and gel electrophoresis.
- Use biology laboratory equipment and techniques correctly to observe specimens and perform experiments.
- Develop the general skills (e.g., observation, problem solving, hypothesis generation and testing) used in science.