ART 111 COLOR & DESIGN
Chromatic Hues - any color other than black, white, or grays made from them
Chromatic Grays - grays created by mixing the chromatic hues, as in mixing complements (aka Chromatic Neutrals)
Achromatic Grays - grays created by mixing black and white (aka Neutrals)
Polychromatic - multicolored
Broken Colors û 1) colors created by an uneven mixing of the three primaries / lower intensity colors. 2) layers of different colors applied to a painting so that they are seen through one another as opposed to being physically mixed or blended on the palette
Complementary Hues - colors that opposite each other on the color wheel. When placed side by side they will intensify one another. When mixed as pigments, they will dull one another.
After Image - the illusion of color and shape produced in the visual apparatus after staring at a strong color for some time. Theoretically produced by retinal fatigue.
Successive Contrast û the color phenomenon observed when differently colored areas are viewed one after another (as in looking at a white area after staring at a red one). If the initial image is highly saturated, its complement may seem to appear in the second area.
Simultaneous Contrast - in general, the optical effect of adjacent colors on one another. More specifically, the tendency of complementary colors to intensify one another when placed side by side.
Color Temperature û refers to our sense of warm and cool colors. For example, red is warm in temperature because it refers to blood, fire and sun; blue is cold in temperature because of its reference to water, ice and sky.